With the development of information technology, the use of unmanned aerial vehicles (drones) has been increasing in recent times, both individually and institutionally. The government has made arrangements for its flight permit so as not to affect the security arrangements. If you are flying a drone without knowing the government rules, you may get into legal trouble.
At present, its use is increasing worldwide in the fields of agriculture, education, health, forest, environment, geography, arts, culture, recreation, development, disaster management, security, and communication. The government has tried to manage the increasing use of drones for the purpose of study, research, data collection, survey and mapping, and photography.
In February 2075, the Ministry of Home Affairs had issued a separate procedure for this. Accordingly, for drones, a flight equipment registration number has to be obtained from the Civil Aviation Authority of Nepal. For this, a copy of citizenship or passport and in case of an organization, certificate of organization registration, the purpose of operation of flying equipment, specification of equipment and photocopy of manual, tax and customs invoice are required. The registration number obtained in this way has to be affixed to the drone. Drones are not available in these areas.
The Ministry of Home Affairs has identified government agencies, diplomatic missions, establishments, hospitals, areas of religious, cultural, archeological, and historical significance, airspace and aviation operations areas, military and security agencies as sensitive areas for drone flights.
Similarly, settlements, communities, protected and reserved areas have been classified as medium and open areas except for human settlements, protected or controlled areas have been classified as general areas. In this regard, drones cannot be flown at airports, high-altitude air routes, and within five kilometers of the international border.
Also, drones cannot be flown in Maitighar Mandala, Swayambhunath, Pashupatinath, Bouddhanath, Budhanilkantha, Durbar Square, and other religious and archeological heritage areas of Kathmandu Valley. The Singha Durbar area, offices, and residences of prominent office bearers including the President, Vice President, and Prime Minister have been kept in a controlled area for drones up to one kilometer of the area where they reside.
Drones are prohibited at a distance of one kilometer from the headquarters and training center of the security forces and half a kilometer from other security units. Outside the valley, drones have been banned from flying in religious, archeological, historical, and controlled areas determined by local administrations and authorities. If a drone is flown in a restricted area, the security forces can seize it and take action according to the law.
Drones need to be flown commercially, pilot’s license According to Nepal’s law, no one is allowed to fly a drone. Must have completed 18 years of age and basic knowledge and training on radiofrequency. It is also necessary to have basic knowledge about flight equipment. The Civil Aviation Authority (CAA) has made arrangements to evaluate and test whether the person who wants to fly a drone commercially has reached the qualification or not.
Drones cannot be flown at night. The time to fly the drone has also been fixed. According to the law, drones can be flown only during the afternoon from sunrise to sunset. In addition, ground visibility should be five kilometers and cloud ceiling 450 meters minimum. Apart from this, there should be no water, hail, snow, lightning and the airflow should not be more than 10 knots. Also, a flight permit is required for the flight. Drones weighing up to 2 kg have to apply to the concerned District Administration Office and others for a flight permit up to 200 feet above the ground.
Is it possible to fly a drone without a flight permit?
Definitely available. There are definite limits to this. With the prior approval of the concerned educational institution within the perimeter of any educational study center or university, permission is not required to fly a drone weighing up to 2 kg at a maximum height of 200 feet. However, before flying to such an area, the nearest police or security unit must be informed. Also, it is not possible to fly in a way that infringes on personal privacy. Similarly, a drone weighing up to 250 grams can be flown up to a maximum of 40 feet by informing the local police in your home or area for entertainment purposes during individually organized programs, cultural, religious, and traditional festivals, and celebrations.
Arrangements have been made to provide video and photos taken by the drone if requested by the security agencies. Such action may be taken if the drone is flown without permission If the drone is flown against the government rules, action may be taken according to the Civil Aviation Authority Act and the Electronic Transactions Act. In the case of flying a drone without permission, unauthorized drones will be confiscated. In addition, if a person’s right to privacy is violated or personal damage is caused by a drone flight, action may be taken according to the law at the request of the victim.
Click here to see the detailed procedures on drones.